There are lots of everyday ways you can help your child to understand fractions. Here are just a few ideas.
Food always provides a fun (and tasty) opportunity to explore fractions!
When cutting a sandwich, show your child how you can cut a whole sandwich into two equal parts, and explain that we call each part a half. Point out that we could put the two halves together again to make the whole. Try halving in different ways, such as cutting a whole sandwich into two equal rectangles or triangles.
Why not show your child that we can find the quarters of a sandwich by first cutting it in half and then cutting those pieces in half again? Ask your child to find one of the equal parts and explain that this is one quarter. Try finding quarters in different ways, such as cutting a whole sandwich into four equal rectangles or triangles.
Learn about fractions using some of your child’s favourite toys – little figures, blocks, teddies, cars, you name it.
Gather together a collection of toys. Show your child how to halve quantities by asking them to split their collection of toys into two equal groups. So, if they have ten cars, they can split them into two groups of five.
You could also show them how to find one quarter of quantities by splitting their toys into four equal groups.
Grab some paper and colouring pencils. Draw a circle, square, rectangle, and equal-sided triangle and ask them to find and colour in one half. Next, draw another shape and ask your child to colour in one quarter.
Point out the fractions all around you – such as when you are in the shops (for example, price offers) or in recipes ( tablespoon) and so on. Talk about what the different numbers mean.